Nail Discoloration, Fingernails and Health
Look at your nails, you can notice some nail discoloration and texture variation which reveals some serious health conditions like kidney, anemia, liver or clue of some other serious diseases. Fingernails and health is closely related, healthy nails are beautiful light pink color with lunula i.e. little moon at bottom. According to Director of Advanced Dermatology “changes in nail can be the sign of local diseases like fungal infection to other serious health conditions like anemia and lupus”.
There are three type of nail dicoloration which may be a clue of serious diseases.
- Dystrophies: Change in nail texture
- Deformities: Change in nail shape
- Discoloration of Nails
Dystrophies and Deformities are slightly different in meaning but are often be used interchangeably.
Fingernails and Health Symptoms
Here below are some nail discoloration which are connected to variety of health conditions.
Half White and Half Pink Nails
Also called as half and half nail, in this lower half part of nail is white while upper half nail is pink in color. This pink and white is the indication of kidney disorder. This occur when your kidney is not working properly. In this case you need to consult with your doctor as soon as possible.
White Nails: White Spots or White Line
Whole nail appear as cloudy white in color which indicate liver disorder such as hepatitis, kidney disorder or anemia. White spots on nail caused due to deficiency of zinc and iron or any injury to the nail beds. White lines in nail may be due to protein deficiency. Cloudy white nails, white line or white spots on fingernail may be indication of serious disorder, you need to consult with your physician or doctor.
Black nails may be the sign of Anemia, deficiency of vitamin B-12, kidney disorder, viral infection or liver problems etc. if you see any black line on your finger or toe nail, do not ignore it. This can be the sign of melanoma (a type of cancer) and consult with your doctor or physician.
Yellow Nail: Thickened, Slow Growing or Slight Blush at Base
Yellow and slow growing nails may be a sign of viral infection, respiratory disorder or lung diseases like emphysema. Make sure you take care of this as soon as possible because this may damage your nails and cause other disorder also. Yellow nail with slight blush at base may be the indication of diabetes.
Whole nail or lunula appear as blue may be indication of pulmonary obstruction or lung diseases. This occur due to lack of circulating oxygen in RBCs i.e. red blood cells. This occur mainly in cold or in winter season when your finger tips not get enough oxygen. If your nail get back normal color after massage or sufficient heat then cause is due to insufficient oxygen supply. If your fingernails remain blue or recurring blue again then don’t ignore it, this may be a serious lung or oxygen disorder – consult your doctor or physician.
Red Nails: Red Nails Beds or Red Lines at the Base
Possibly due to heart diseases like inflammation of heart membrane and brain hemorrhage. Irregular red lines at base may cause due to connective tissue disease and lupus.
Fingernails and Health, Maintain your Fingernails and Toenails free from Infections and Fungus
Many nail discoloration develop from fungal disorder which cause nail coloring, change nail texture and cause nail to crack. Now here we are going to post some tips that cure your nails from fungus and other infections.
- Keep your nails clean and dry.
- Soak affected nail in solution of white vinegar with water in ratio of 1:2 i.e. 1 part of vinegar and 2 part of water for 15-20 minutes and wash it off.
- Take balanced diet and sufficient vitamin containing biotin.
- Apply moisturizer to your nails and cuticle every day.
- Apply Listerine mouthwash on your finger nails for about 15-20 minute because it contain alcohol and other several compounds that acts as antiseptic and kill harmful bacteria.
- Apply creams that contain lactic acid, urea or phospholipids. This prevent your nail from cracking.
When to See a Doctor or Dermatology
Many types of nail discoloration may be a sign of major health disorder. Some nail discoloration are caused by infections like fungus and cause our nail to crack, dislodge and change shape also. These types of disorder needs a professional help. According to famous dermatologists “it is best to see a doctor if symptom persist or recurring”.
Last Medical Review: 02/13/2016