Ebola virus diseases is cause by Ebola virus is one of the rare diseases ever that cause very high fever and profuse bleeding inside and outside of body. Ebola virus diseases is a type of virus hemorrhagic fever (VHF) which are life threatening and is capable to kill over 90% – 95% infected people. This virus stimulate all over the body from small portion to spread slowly throughout the body leading to damage immune system, organs and cause unmanageable bleeding inside and outside.
The first case of Ebola is appeared in 1976, in the simultaneous outbreak in the area which is now Sudan and Democratic Republic of Congo. Since then several outbreak are appear in Africa.
The most recent case and largest outbreak of Ebola is found in mar’2014 and report 8033 cases of Ebola in mar’2014 to 5th oct’2014. And 3865 death are counted in 2014 due to Ebola virus.
What Cause Ebola Virus Hemorrhagic Fever?
Ebola virus infection is regarded as Ebola Virus hemorrhagic fever. This virus infection is far different from many virus infection because Ebola is not contagious as other common virus like cold, measles and influenza. It spreads by body contact like skin touch and by body fluid by infected animal or people. People get contact with body fluid though eyes, skin cut, ear, nose, mouth. Body fluid includes:
- Breast milk feed
- Semen (Ebola can live in semen for as long as 3 months)
Ebola virus is likely to originate in African fruit bats but there is not a strong evidence to support that hypothesis. This Ebola virus is also known as “zoonotic” virus because this virus is transmitted from animal to human being. Human being can transmit virus from person to person and also get infected by feeding infected animals. There are some animals that are known to transmit Ebola virus are:
- Forest antelopes
- Some insects like mosquitoes are not likely to carry Ebola virus.
Ebola Virus Species
Ebola virus is a member of filoviridae virus family and scientist also called it filovirus. These virus cause fatal effect and cause unmanageable bleeding in our body. There are five species of Ebola virus that are identified, these are:
- Tai forest previously known as Ivory Coast
According WHO, average fatality rate of Ebola virus is 50% but some Ebola virus species like Sudan and Zaire are very fatal and fatality rate is approx 90%.