Symptoms of Melanoma Skin Cancer

Moles , brown spots and any unwanted growth on your skin is usually harmful and may be the early sign and symptoms of melanoma skin cancer. Skin cancer includes melanoma, carcinoma, basal cells carcinoma  and squamous cell carcinoma start with changes of your skin. It occur due to uncontrolled growth of abnormal skin cells. Main cause of skin cancer is exposure to ultraviolet radiation in sun light or sunbeds which is artificial UV rays that damage skin DNA.

There are three types of ultraviolet light which damage DNA in skin.

  1. UVA, goes deeper into skin and cause skin aging.
  2. UVB, burn skin and is main cause of non melanoma skin cancer.
  3. UVC, this contains filtered type radiation from earth atmosphere(Ozone layer).

Damaged or unpaired DNA damage skin cell and this damaged  skin cells leads to skin cancer. This different types of skin cells cause different type of skin cancer which may be melanoma or non melanoma. This type of damage takes year before cancer develop.

Symptoms of Melanoma Skin Cancer
Symptoms of Melanoma Skin Cancer

What is Melanoma Skin Cancer?

Melanoma is a malignant tumour that usually start in skin either in the moles or in normal skin. Melanoma start in melanocytes which is type of cell that makes melanin. Melanin is a type of pigment which give color to your skin. It can grow quickly and need to treat early.

Types of Melanoma Skin Cancer

There are mainly four types of melanoma skin cancer i.e.

  1. Superficial spreading melanoma
  2. Nodular melanoma
  3. Lentigo maligna melanoma
  4. Acral lentiginous melanoma

For more information about skin coloring check Skin Pigmentation and Dark Spots Treatment

Who and What effects Melanoma?

  • Woman are slightly more affected than men.
  • Mainly occur in age of 15-34 years.
  • Brown and black skin people are less affected as compared to white skin people.
  • Woman, most common on legs and in men it mainly occur on back and chest. But check your whole body for lesion or moles.

Symptoms of Melanoma Skin Cancer

Most moles or lesion on your skin looks similar to other one, if you see any mole that is different from other moles then it could be sign of melanoma. This type of characteristic is used by dermatology to classified melanoma and its type.

Sign and Symptoms of Melanoma Skin Cancer
Sign and Symptoms of Melanoma Skin Cancer

Look for warning ABCDEs signs of melanoma skin cancer and consult doctor if you see any sign. It could be cancerous.

A – Asymmetric

Normal moles are symmetrical. Asymmetrical moles means unlike of two half if you draw a line that divide mole in two half, this is a sign of  melanoma skin cancer.

B – Border

Normally non cancerous moles are smooth and have border. Cancerous moles have irregular and uneven boundary. You have to consult your dermatology immediately.

C – Color

Normally or beginning moles are brown or tan shades. Cancerous or melanoma moles have more than one color i.e. have shades of red, blue, brown, tan or black.

D – Diameter

Melanoma usually greater than ¼ inch or 6mm when diagnosed but small moles may also be melanoma.

E – Evaluation

If a mole or lesion that is evolving is changing color, shrinking, itching, growing larger or bleeding – consult your dermatology as soon as possible because melanoma moles or lesion are grow and change size rapidly.